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Lifetime Performance Index (LPI) Formula 20MAR2019 Where the relative emphasis placed on each of the three main components in each breed is presented in the following table along with the multiplicative factors for each component. Production Component (PROD): PROD = [W_{PY}x(PYAvg_{PY})/SD_{PY}] + [W_{PD}xPD/SD_{PD}] + [W_{FY}x(FYAvg_{FY})/SD_{FY}] + [W_{FD}xFD/SD_{FD}] Where PY = Protein Yield, PD = Protein Deviation, FY = Fat Yield and FD = Fat Deviation, which are standardized using the appropriate averages (Avg) and standard deviations (SD) and then multiplied by their respective relative weight (W), all of which are breed specific as outlined in the following table. Durability Component (DUR): DUR = [W_{HL} x (HL  100)/5] + [W_{MS} x MS/5] + [W_{F&L} x F&L/5] + [W_{HH} x (HH – 100)/5] + [W_{DS} x DS/5] + [W_{RP} x RP/5] Where HL = Herd Life, MS = Mammary System, F&L = Feet and Legs, HH = Hoof Health, DS = Dairy Strength and RP = Rump, and each trait is standardized using the appropriate averages and standard deviations and then multiplied by their respective relative weight (W) that is breed specific as outlined in the following table. Health & Fertility Component (H&F): H&F = [W_{DF }x (DF100)/5] + [W_{MR }x (MR100)/5] + [W_{SCS }x (SCS100)/5] + [W_{UD }x UD/5] + [W_{MSP }x (MSP100)/5] + [W_{LP }x (LP100)/5] Where DF = Daughter Fertility, MR = Mastitis Resistance, SCS = Somatic Cell Score, UD = Udder Depth, MSP = Milking Speed and LP = Lactation Persistency. The relative weights for each trait (i.e.: W_{DF}, W_{MR}, W_{SCS}, W_{UD}, W_{MSP} and W_{LP} respectively), which are specific to each breed, are provided in the following table. Download a PDF copy of this article Previous LPI update documents: April 2017 